- Why are there so many types of houses
- Installation of hydraulic equipment
- Well plinth cover
- Open well
- Semi-open house options
- Closed house with a door
The well in the courtyard has long been given a sacred meaning. Every household has always tried to decorate and protect it, and the best way to do this is to build a small, neat house. We will tell you about the simple and cute designs of houses, we will accompany each with a small assembly guide.
Why are there so many types of houses
First of all, the issue of arranging the superstructure over the well should be decided on the basis of aesthetic considerations. In the end, a well house is a pleasant and unobtrusive accessory that must be in harmony with the environment in the yard. From this position, it is quite easy to make a choice of finishing materials – wood, stone, forged metal or more modern siding should be repeated either in the facade of the house, or in the design of the fence and gates.
The other side of the question is purely practical. Fully enclosed houses give the well absolute protection against the ingress of leaves, dust and small animals, allowing you to reduce the appearance to a simple combination of geometric shapes. In this case, the well stands apart from other structures; inside you can easily hide the pumping station.
Open and semi-open houses (awnings) look easy and inconspicuous, they are often expanded with the accompanying installation of a bench and arrangement of a resting place in cool shade.
Installation of hydraulic equipment
Depending on the type of superstructure, the non-submersible pumping unit has two placement options.
In the first, the base of the well house is made with a rectangular shield with a ring hole shifted to the edge. There remains a platform with a width of about 40 cm, where the pumping station can be located taking into account all technological requirements: on shock-absorbing barrels, with protection against weathering, free access for maintenance and the possibility of quick dismantling.
The situation is a little more complicated with half-open wells, the upper ring of which is covered with a lid with a lyad. To hide the plumbing from your eyes, you can go in different ways..
The first is to arrange a technical compartment inside the base around the top ring. Access to the compartment is provided by a small door at the bottom.
Second, the station and related equipment can be hidden right in the shaft of the well, if manual water intake with a bucket is not planned. You will need two U-shaped crossbars welded from angle steel. They are attached to the walls of the ring from the inside using anchor bolts. The bars have 4 vertical pins for easy installation and removal of the pumping equipment. A small pallet with four large holes is put on them, on which the station is assembled..
Well plinth cover
The first step around the well is to remove the soil at a distance of 60–80 cm from the ring. A clay castle and sand preparation are formed at the bottom of the trench. A concrete blind area with a thickness of 100–120 mm is being cast. It serves as a convenient approach platform and protects the well from precipitation.
Head pillars are attached to the side of the concrete ring at two diametrically opposite points. This can be a pine bar or a steel channel, depending on the type of house you choose. It is recommended to fasten it with bolts passed through the wall of the ring to the inner side.
Now, depending on the shape of the base, two, four or six short bars should be vertically fastened. They are fixed in the same way as the posts, and their number determines whether the plinth is square, hexagonal or octagonal. Horizontal beams are applied to the vertical beams, the ends are cut at a certain angle of convergence, depending on the shape. This is how a universal frame is formed for any type of cladding..
If you arrange a hidden technical compartment, it is better to make the base / plinth rectangular, possibly with cut corners. The protruding side of the frame is not fixed directly to the ring, therefore all joints of the bars should be reinforced with overhead plates or window corners.
The base / plinth frame usually includes two rims at the top and bottom, but for heights over 80 cm, one can be added in the center. Please also note that the top of the frame should be raised above the ring by 50-60 mm.
It is even easier to cover the base with masonry. A plaster mesh is pre-packed on the ring, then a brick-bassoon, clinker or natural stone are used. To avoid a large number of undercuts, first lay the stones “on dry”, and the remaining space at the ring, use the remnants of the mortar and a brick fight..
The easiest way to arrange a head is open. The option is optimal for wells that are rarely used, but need protection from rain and sunlight.
Vertical posts should have a height of about 2.2 meters, in the upper part they are connected by a crossbar – 40 mm with a board placed on the edge. Small truss frames are mounted on both sides in the form of an equilateral or right-angled triangle. Depends on whether you want a shed or two-shed.
Further work is nothing more than the device of the most ordinary roof. We fill the crate on the rafters, shoot the film or roofing material and sew on the roofing. From below, the canopy over the well is usually not hemmed, but it can be ennobled with wooden clapboard and wind boards.
Semi-open house options
The next type of house is ideal for wells in open areas. This is a canopy with a lowered rear slope and sewn sidewalls to protect from strong winds.
The upper posts have the same height and are connected by the same crossbar. But in this case, instead of triangular rafters, a beam is installed on the upper end with a cross-section, like that of a rack, and about 1.6 m long.
The connection with the strut is T-shaped, but the front edge is extended by 2/3 of the length, and the back edge is filled up with about 4-5 cm.
The rear edges of the horizontal beams are cut in half a tree and connected to another pair of long beams that follow to the ground (blind area) with a slope of 60–70 °. It turns out that the racks take an L-shape, the crate is stuffed on them and the roof is arranged. Sides can be sewn up or left open.
As in the previous version, the wellbore must be protected from debris. Therefore, on top of the plinth, a flooring of tightly fitted boards is stuffed, a simple lada is arranged in the center. If there is no plinth, the well is covered with a round shield knocked down from the boards, you can also use the side disc from the cable reel.
Closed house with a door
The frame of a closed house should be constructed simultaneously with the frame of the basement. Knock down two rectangular frames from the block, the width of which corresponds to the distance between the outer edges of the posts. Determine the height yourself, but it should not be less than 80 cm.
The frames lean against the vertical supports at an angle: the bottom is installed flush with the base frame, and the ends of the uprights protruding from above are trimmed.
The back of the well is covered with horizontal sheathing boards with a 10–15 cm outlet on each side. From the front inside the frame, add two vertical and horizontal jumpers from the same bar to form the door opening. Boards are sewn only to the middle of the bars, the remainder is used to tightly bind the door.
Instead of lathing under the roofing, you can immediately fasten vertically boards, lining or siding, if necessary, fix additional horizontal crossbars inside the frames. The sides of the house are sewn up horizontally with tightly fitted boards.